Biological engineering is the biology-based engineering discipline that integrates life sciences with engineering in the advancement and application of fundamental concepts of biological systems from molecular to ecosystem levels.
Integrating Engineering with Life Sciences
Physical, chemical, and biological reactions that add value to biological systems; pharmaceuticals for humans and animals; bio-based industrial products; biodegradable products. Processing of food materials; developing and manufacturing new foods; food safety and quality control; control and movement of food materials. Production of fermented food and biochemical products. Optimizing growth and productivity of organisms. Culture and processing of aquatic plants and animals. Scale-up of biotechnology processes for new bio-based products.
Designing, developing, and testing of medical equipment; medical safety; biomaterials; tissue mechanics; clinical engineering; genetic modification for bio-based pharmaceuticals/neutraceuticals. Interfacing between machines and humans; human comfort and well-being. Equipment to aid disabled; biomechanics; prosthetic devices; biosensors.
Natural resource conservation and enhancement; water quality and quantity; soil enrichment. Waste treatment; constructed wetlands; global modeling; environmental control for pets, wildlife, and zoo animals; animals as biosensors and actuators in control loops; animal health and well-being. Closed cycle and greenhouse production of plants; forest equipment and management.